A Summarized Guide of Top Accounting Branches for Students

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Accounting is a process of consolidating financial information related to a business. It includes summarizing, analyzing, and reporting the transactions.


The financial industry is comprised of accounting branches. It helps to understand the financial position, analyze the cash flow and determine the operation and the market competition. Accounting has expanded its area into branches to develop a speciality in a particular area of finance due to the increase in tax law, regulations and businesses going global.


For a better understanding, assignment help services offer complete guidance. It helps the branches of accounting to help the students.


Types of Top Accounting Branches :


 Financial Accounting


Financial accounting is about bookkeeping, classifying and interpreting financial transactions like purchases, sales, receivables and payables. It represents revenue, expenses, assets, liability and equity. Financial accounting also determines designated financial statements of income statements, cash flow statements and balance sheets.


Financial Accounting is about recording everyday transactions to give a financial understanding of a business. Accounting is the preparation of trial balances, profit and loss accounts and balance sheets. The accounting follows the ‘Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP)’ to ensure the reliability of the information.


 Management Accounting


Accounting is about preparing reports on business operations and internal structure which helps in decision making. It helps a business to work towards the goal. It identifies, measures, analyzes, interprets and communicates information to managers. Management accounting does not follow GAAP principles. As the data generated is not for the external parties but for the managers to perform their roles in the respective department.


Management accounting monitors the use of capital and finance. Also, the performance of a business while guiding the decision-making for future growth. It determines the factors like Break-Even Point (BEP) or Cost to Volume Profit (CVP).


Cost Accounting


It is a form of management accounting that aims to track a company’s total cost of production and examines the cost structure of a business. Cost accounting is concerned with an understanding of what costs are incurred. It builds a base for future profits in case of any losses.


It is a source of information for the financial statements about the stock valuation. Cost accounting determines both fixed and variable costs for smooth functioning.


 Tax Accounting


It is associated with the tax-related matters of a business. Internal Revenue Code regulates tax accounting. It imposes rules that have to follow while preparing the tax returns. Tax accounting is done to meet the requirements of local and national tax law expectations. It tracks the flow of funds (both in and out) associated with an individual or entity.




It is an inspection of various books and records of accounts done by an auditor following a physical checking process of the inventory. Auditing ensures that financial statements are prepared following the accounting standards while maintaining financial credibility.


Auditing is of two types-


Internal Auditing: It is performed within the organization by the company employees to prepare for the external audit. Auditors are elected by the shareholders to prevent any conflict of interest and to ensure objectivity.


 External Auditing: It is a third-party audit by an external organization. It follows the GAAP principle to conduct the audit to check the authenticity of the company’s internal controls. It is reliable as it’s completely unbiased.


 Budgetary Accounting


It is an integral part of the financial planning, control and evaluation processes of government. The goal of Budgetary accounting is to maintain the legality of expenditure as per the Budget Act and other authorizing legislation.


It helps to track the planned funds and the amount being debited and credited by comparing the actual amount to maintain the books. The accounting branch is followed by the government, local self-governments and their organizational units.


 Fund Accounting


It is a method of bookkeeping used by Non-profit organizations. It focuses on accountability rather than profitability. Fund accounting tracks and manages the resources and finances of non-profits and government organizations.


The aim is not to track the profit but the inflow and outflow of funds and their use. NPO maintains the payment and receipts account along with the revenue and expenses account in place of the profit or loss account.



To conclude, Accounting is a backbone of a business enterprise. It creates a strong foundation for a business to grow in future. It is a broad concept for students to decide on their career path. A team of experts who provides Assignment Help Service is available. They lay out a proper understanding and guidance in the above post to help decide on a future goal.

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