Who doesn’t get annoyed when bitten by a mosquito? Apart from causing itching and bumps on the skin, which is a fear if the mosquito carries dangerous viruses such as malaria, dengue fever, and even elephantiasis. The impact will be very dangerous right?
It is undeniable, even though it has bad effects on health, chemical mosquito repellents with various preparations are still the main choice in repelling mosquitoes. Is there a safer method and natural ways to get rid mosquitoes at home? Of course there is, namely by using the following mosquito repellent plants!
This mosquito repellent plant is certainly quite familiar to our ears. How not, a variety of air freshener products and mosquito repellents that are often found use the scent of lavender.
Lavender has a fragrant aroma that mosquitoes hate because it contains a substance called linaleol acetate. The flowers are also beautiful, suitable as an ornamental plant that soothes the eye. In addition, the fragrant aroma offered by lavender flowers has also proven to be effective in dealing with stress and making you sleep better.
Geraniums have flowers that are no less beautiful than lavender flowers. Its efficacy as a mosquito repellent plant cannot be doubted.
The leaves and flowers of geraniums contain geraniol and citronellol which have a strong odor and are antiseptic in nature so they are disliked by mosquitoes and some other insects.
Read: Bugs on the Wall
3. Basil Plant
It seems that almost all people are familiar with this one plant. Apart from having small black seeds that are often used as a mixture for ice drinks, it turns out that the basil plant also contains insect repellent substances, namely eugenol, linalool and geraniol.
The main components of basil are volatile or evaporate and have a strong odor. Even if it smells for a long time, it can cause dizziness and nausea. This is the reason why mosquitoes are reluctant to approach basil plants.
Suren is a tree-shaped perennial plant with a height of up to 20 meters. Farmers often use the leaves and bark of suren with a strong aroma to ward off insect pests.
Unfortunately, its large size makes it less practical to grow it at home as a mosquito repellent medium. However, if you have a large yard, there is nothing wrong with planting it. Apart from being used as a mosquito repellent plant, the tall suren tree can also be used as a shade from the sun.
Rosemary leaves, both fresh and dried, are often used as a spice to reduce the fishy odor in fish and meat dishes. In addition, the use of rosemary leaves in cooking is also able to create a distinctive aroma that invites appetites.
But who would have thought, besides being often used in the culinary world, rosemary leaves also have properties as a mosquito repellent plant thanks to their aroma that is similar to telon oil. Rosemary plants are also quite ideal to be placed in the room or bedroom, given their relatively small size and not so strong smell.
The plant, which is one of the mainstay of kitchen ingredients, turns out to contain gerniol and citronellal substances that create a distinctive aroma and are very hated by mosquitoes.
If you don’t want the hassle of planting it in a pot, then just put a few lemongrass stalks that have been crushed under the bed or anywhere where mosquitoes are frequently infested. Want something simpler or more practical? Just apply pure lemongrass oil that can be found at the nearest pharmacy.
For some reason, in Indonesia this plant is known as chicken dung flower. Even though the appearance of the flowers is so beautiful and exquisite, it is much different than the name. Perhaps, the naming is due to the unpleasant aroma of marigold flowers, so it is identified with chicken manure.
Even so, the “lack” of marigold flowers is what makes it a mosquito repellent plant. Marigold flowers contain a substance called pyrethrum, a compound that has been shown to be effective in repelling insects, including mosquitoes.
Catnip has a natural substance called nepetalactone, which is the reason why this plant is so hated by mosquitoes but so loved by cats. Even in many studies, its effectiveness in repelling mosquitoes or insects is much greater than diethyltoluamide (DEET), a chemical commonly used in commercial insecticide. Amazing isn’t it!
9. Mint Leaves
The refreshing mint scent can not only calm the mind, but is very effective when used as a mosquito repellent plant. What’s more, according to a study in India, oil from mint leaves has the ability to kill larvae and unhatched mosquito eggs.
There are various ways that we can use mint leaves as a mosquito repellent plant. Among them by planting mint leaves in the yard of the house or placing them in the room, rubbing the leaves into the skin, or more simply by using mint leaf oil which can be easily found in the market.